Last updated: 04/01/2020
NATIONAL  MUSEUM  INSTITUTE
of History of Art, Conservation and Museology
(Deemed to be University)
Ministry of Culture, Government of India
 
 
History of Art Conservation Museology
Fee Structure Academic Calendar Teaching & Attendance Examination Memorandum Guidelines & Rules Resources
Admissions Prospective Students Foreign Students Ph.D. Scholars Alumni Fellowship & Scholarship Internships
Status of Vacancy Position Vacancies Tender / Quotation
 
 

 

 
CONSERVATION
 
 
 
 
PHOTO GALLERY
 

A National Symposium & Exhibition on “MEMORIES OF 22 OCTOBER 1947”
Date: 22nd & 23rd October, 2020

The inaugural of the national symposium and exhibition was graced by the family of the great Martyr Maqbool Sherwani.

A National Symposium & Exhibition on “MEMORIES OF 22 OCTOBER 1947” organised by the National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation & Museology(NMI), was inaugurated on 22 Oct 2020 at SKICC, Srinagar, Kashmir by the Hon’ble Lt. Governor of Jammu & Kashmir, Shri Manoj Sinha.  Hon’ble Union Minister of Culture and Tourism (I/C) Shri Prahlad Singh Patel graced the occasion via web presence. Prominent dignitaries including the Chief Secretary, Jammu & Kashmir, Shri B. V. R. Subrahmanyan and the Secretary, Ministry of Culture, CEO, DMCS and VC, NMI, Shri Raghvendra Singh, and the Dean, National Museum Institute, Prof. (Dr.) Manvi Seth were also be present on the occasion.

Lt Governor Shri Manoj Sinha also inaugurated an Exhibition on the ‘Memories of 22 Oct 2020’ comprising of graphic panels and videos showcasing a chronology of events as well as prominent narratives of the invasion on 22 Oct 1947 and subsequent unfolding of actions. The Exhibition is now open to public at the SPS Museum, Srinagar.

Background:

22 October 1947 has marked Indian history with evidences of betrayal and a legacy of valour. On 15th August 1947, India attained Independence after being subjugated to the colonial regime for almost two hundred years. At its birth as a young independent nation in 1947, one of the most protuberant difficulties India was forced to face was the choice given to the erstwhile Maharajas of India to be an independent country, or to a part of India or to be a part of Pakistan. To quote Shri Raghvendra Singh, Secretary Ministry of Culture, ‘For Mohammed Ali Jinnah and his newly created Pakistan, it would completely negate his two nation theory if the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir decided to opt for India.’ On 22 October, 1947 Pakistan invaded Kashmir. The invasion, ‘Operation Gulmarg’ was result of months of planning and involvement of the topmost leaders of Pakistan including Pakistan’s then Prime Minister, Chief Minister of the North West Frontier, Members of Muslim League and Pakistan Army.

The Tribal Militia invasion of Kashmir backed by Pakistan army on 22 Oct 1947 unleashed a brutal series of plunder, rape, arson, looting and killing. The invasion marks the beginning of First Indo-Pak war and set in motion a chain of events that are still affecting the country. On 26 Oct 1947 the State of Jammu and Kashmir formally acceded to India and on 27 Oct 1947 Indian troops were airlifted to Kashmir. From 22 Oct 1947 onwards till the intervention of the Indian Defence Forces all days in Kashmir were blackened with the horrifying stories of mass plunder and vandalism where many lives were lost to the insatiable ambition of the invading Tribal Militia. During this need of hour many willing individuals rose up to the occasion and faced adversity with commendable will and bravery.

The evidences of the treacherous attack by Pakistan, stories of resistance and bravery of Kashmiris, narrative of Indian Army victory over the invaders need to be told to people. The two-day National Symposium on 22 & 23 Oct 2020 and the Exhibition commencing on 22 Oct 2020 is an attempt to deliberate upon the records and history of this deceitful attack and subsequent victory of India.

Inaugural Ceremony:

Hon’ble Lt Governor Shri Manoj Sinha, while delivering his address, said that though a lot of time has passed since the 1947 invasion, the wounds have still have not healed and the people of Kashmir will soon come to know about the truth behind the events. He said that terror is the real enemy of humanity and the stories of terror unleashed by Pakistani raiders need to be told.

Shri Sinha said that everybody in Jammu and Kashmir has suffered deceit at the hands of Pakistan because of which the state lags behind in development. He added that though there will be obstacles in making J&K the most developed region of the country, the administration is fully prepared to meet them.

Addressing the gathering through video conference, Hon’ble Union Minister of Culture and Tourism (I/C), Shri Prahlad Singh Patel remarked that the invasion of 1947 was the first attack on the newly gained independence of India, and the nation will never forget the contribution of the Indian armed forces and local people who fought the invaders and played a decisive role in turning them back.

Delivering the Welcome Address, Secretary, Ministry of Culture, Shri Raghvendra Singh said that the narrative of the past over 70 years is based on preconceived notions and there is a need to bring out the real stories in front of people. He said that the time has come where we need to decide whether or not we need to change the narrative.

Advisor to Hon’ble Lieutenant Governor, J&K, Shri Baseer Ahmad Khan said on the occasion that being a local, he had first-hand experience of what the place and its people had to go through. He said there is an ever growing need to expose the nefarious designs of Pakistan and make the younger generation aware about how Jammu and Kashmir has suffered at the hands of the neighbouring country.

Saluting the efforts of Maqbool Sherwani, Shri Khan said that there were many from the local population who put up a brave fight against the intruders but unfortunately their contributions are not recognised.

Delivering the Vote of Thanks, Prof. Manvi Seth, in her address, said that the event is a tribute to the valour and bravery of Kashmiris and will serve as a first step towards setting up of a museum dedicated to the Memories of 22 October 1947.

The National Symposium:

The inaugural session of the Symposium and Exhibition on 22 Oct 2020 was followed by academic sessions in which various eminent academicians, researchers and distinguished personalities presented papers and presentations on various subjects related to the 1947 attack. The National symposium was attended by very prominent scholars and experts on the subject. The speakers were – Prof. RaghuvendraTanwar, Lt. General(Retd) Syed Ata Hasnain, Dr Mukulita Vijaywagiya, Maroof Raza, Ajay Jugran, Lt. General(Retd) Gurmeet Singh, Prof. Kapil Kumar, Prof. Amitabh Mattoo, Shri Iqbal Chand Malhotra, Shri Ashutosh, Major General S. V. Thapliyal(Retd), AVM Arjun Subramaniam(Retd), Dr Ramesh Tamiri, Lt. General(Retd) Devesh Agnihotri, Dr. Deepankar Sengupta, Shri Sushant Sareen, Lt. General(Retd) PJS Pannu. Presentations made at the Symposium represented a variety of pertinent topics, some of which were – ‘The Invasion of Jammu and Kashmir-October 1947: First Reports and People’s Response”, “Local Kashmiri Resistance to tribal Invasion of Kashmir in 1947”, “Battles for the Destiny of J&K”, “Contest of Narratives and Attempts in Cognitive Domains: An Analysis”, “Martyr Maqbool Sherwani: Memory, Myth, Imagination”, “Motives, War & Brutalities: Pakistani Army-Kabailees Aggression in Kashmir”, “The British Role in Invasion and consequent de facto partition of Maharaja Hari Singh’s erstwhile state of Jammu & Kashmir in 1947 and the impact of those actions till 2020”.

The speakers highlighted the significance of October 22 by commemorating the people who sacrificed their lives to defend Kashmir and its people. They emphasized for the need to make people aware about the actual happenings by bringing forth counter narratives. The seminar discussed narratives peddled since last seven decades which had obfuscated the real happenings and speakers also presented firsthand stories of the survivors and the main players involved in the October 22, 1947 event. The speakers called for holding such events and seminars more often so that common people would be made aware of the glorious sacrifices given by J&K people and the army to defend Kashmir and its people.

The speakers who spoke on the first day included  Prof. Amitabh Mattoo, Shri Sushant Sareen,  AVM Arjun Subramaniam(Retd), Prof. Raghuvendra Tanwar,  Prof. Kapil Kumar, Shri Ajay Jugran, Shri Maroof Raza, Shri Iqbal Chand Malhotra.

The speakers emphasised that 22 October 1947 marks Indian history with evidences of betrayal and a legacy of valour. Recalling those events they said that on 15th of August, 1947 India attained Independence after being subjugated to the colonial regime for almost two hundred years. At its birth as a young independent nation in 1947, one of the most protuberant difficulties India was forced to face was the choice given to the erstwhile Maharajas of India to be an independent country, or to a part of India or to be a part of Pakistan.

Shri Raghvendra Singh, Secretary Ministry of Culture said ‘For Mohammed Ali Jinnah and his newly created Pakistan, it would completely negate his two nation theory if the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir decided to opt for India.’ He further said that on 22 October, 1947 Pakistan invaded Kashmir to fill colour in this theory. He further went on to say that invasion, ‘Operation Gulmarg’ was result of months of planning and involvement of the topmost leaders of Pakistan including Pakistan’s then Prime Minister, Chief Minister of the North West Frontier, Members of Muslim League and Pakistan Army.

The speakers said that the tribal invasion of Kashmir backed by Pakistan army on 22 Oct 1947 unleashed a brutal series of plunder, rape, arson, looting and killing. They said that it marks the beginning of First Indo-Pak war and set in motion a chain of events that are still affecting the country.

On the second day of symposium on Friday, some well-known speakers like Lt Gen(Retd) Syed Ata Hasnain, Lt. General(Retd) Gurmeet Singh, Lt Gen(Retd) PJS Pannu, Dr Ramesh Tamiri, Dr Mukulita Vijayawargiya, Sh Ashutosh, Prof Dipankar Sengupta, Maj Gen(Retd),  Devnesh Agnihotri spoke at length while as a message written by Maj Gen SV Thapiyal (Retd) was also read on the occasion who couldn’t attend the symposium.

Presentations made at the symposium threw light on a variety of pertinent topics focussing on sacrifice of Maqbool Sherwani, role of Indian Air Force, template of terrorism, battles fought for the destiny of J&K, role of Indian army in the defence of Kashmir, contesting of narratives, Pakistani invasion of J&K, British role in invasion, Rashomon gambit: delegitimizing rival narratives on accession. The session also witnessed question-answer modules where several questions were posed to the speakers who replied to the queries. Besides this, the speakers also shared several firsthand stories and accounts of people who were uprooted from their native places by invaders. The speakers highlighted the role of Indian army and the then JK Militia who valiantly kept the invaders at bay from reaching Srinagar and subsequently pushed them back.

The speakers complimented Shri Raghvendra Singh, Secretary, Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India, and the convenor of the symposium Prof Manvi Seth for organizing the event and said it was a first serious attempt to deliberate upon the records and historical facts of the event on October 22, 1947.

The Exhibition:

The Exhibition on the ‘Memories of 22 Oct 2020’ comprises of graphic panels and videos showcasing a chronology of events as well as prominent narratives of the invasion on 22 Oct 1947 and subsequent unfolding of actions. The exhibition panels depict – The Treaty of Lahore, The Treaty of Amritsar, The Popular Will of 1947, Economic Blockade of Kashmir, 1947- Towards Accession, The Invaders Backed by Pakistan, Pakistani Militia Leaders, Plunder in Muzaffarabad, Baramulla, The Church Attack, MaqboolSherwani, the Hero of Baramulla, Instrument of Accession, Key Dates, The Gilgit Game, People’s Militia. The Exhibition is now open to public at the SPS Museum, Srinagar, Kashmir.

The National Symposium and Exhibition on the 'Memories of 22 Oct 1947' will outline shapes and contours of a future museum on the historical theme.

 
     

 

 
NATIONAL MUSEUM INSTITUTE
of History of Art, Conservation & Museology
(Deemed to be University)
Janpath, New Delhi 110011
Phone: +91 11 23012106

  Home    |   FAQ   |   Status of Vacancy Position    |   Vacancies   |   Tender    |   MoU Signed with MoC    |   RFD

ICC on Sexual Harassment   |   Anti Ragging Committee   |   RTI   |   Grievances   |   Downloads    |   Sitemap   |   Contact Us   

Copyright© 2017 National Museum Institute, All Rights Reserved.